The First Israeli Astronaut, Colonel Ilan RamonHistorical Figures
Ilan Ramon (1954–2003)
Israel Space Agency – Israel Ministry of Science, Technology and Space, Israeli Air Force
During their 16-day mission in space, Ramon and the Columbia space shuttle crew conducted dozens of experiments, two of which were from Israel and conducted by Ramon. One was “Meidex” – a study of climate changes, documenting dust storms at various heights for the first time, and examined lightning sprites. In addition, Ramon conducted the “chemical garden” experiment planned by Israeli pupils, aimed to examine crystal growth in sub-gravity. The data transmitted from Meidex to Earth are still being studied by scientists throughout the world, and the research continues at the international space station.