Muon Detectors in the World's Largest Scientific ExperimentTechnology/Engineering
Tel Aviv University, Weizmann Institute of Science, Technion – Israel Institute of Technology
“A huge system of state of the art detectors, developed and built in Israel, is central to the operation of the ATLAS experiment operating at the European center for Nuclear Research (CERN).
The experiment documents high-energy collisions initiated by the world’s largest particle accelerator. The Israeli detector system identifies muons, which are elementary particles created by the collision of energetic counter rotating proton beams. The protons collide at a very high rate, and the products of their collision decay in a split second. Once the Israeli system identifies a muon, a signal is issued calling for a precise recording of the unusual events in the ATLAS detector, so that the nature and properties of the collision products may be later investigated. Thus, for example, the Israeli detectors were a vital component in the discovery of the long-sought Higgs Boson in 2012.”